Krav Maga (Hebrew for close combat") is an eclectic hand-to-hand combat system developed in Israel. It was mentioned during the Navy SEAL vs Israeli Commando episode.
Krav Maga was developed by Imi Lichtenfeld in Czechoslovakia during the 1930's to protect the Jewish quarter from the Nazi militia. Following the war, Lichtenfeld emigrated to Palestine and after the founding of the State of Israel in 1948, he became the Chief Instructor of Physical Fitness and Krav Maga at the Israeli Defense Forces School of Combat Fitness.
Krav Maga is a defensive fighting technique utilized to keep the user safe and incapacitate the enemy by any means necessary. General principles include:
- Counter-attacking as soon as possible (or attacking preemptively)
- Targeting attacks to the body's most vulnerable spots (eyes, throat, groin, etc.)
- Neutralizing the opponent as quickly as possible
- Maintaining awareness of surroundings while dealing with the threat to look for possible escape routes, further attackers, or objects that can be used to attack or defend.
Training is used to teach students how to react in real-life situations, and how to ignore distractions.
Krav Maga is taught to every member of the Israeli Defense Force (IDF). Since military service is mandatory for all Israeli citizens, it could be said that every adult in Israeli is trained in Krav Maga to some degree, though non-Special Forces are generally only taught basics in the space of a week. Due to its effectiveness, it is taught to civilians, military, law enforcement, and security agencies around the world.