The bows of the Apache and Comanche were simple bows four feet in length, made from a single piece of wood with animal sinew for bowstrings. The Comanche bow had a tuft of horsehair on the top arm to help the user gauge the wind. The arrows were three feet in length and tipped with stone (sometimes obsidian or flint) or metal (sometimes rusted metal) arrowheads. Arrowheads used in warfare were generally jagged or barbed so as to cause more damage.
- Range: 200 yards
- Bow: 4.5 feet
- Arrow: 3 feet
The Apache warriors would use their bow/arrow combos to pepper their foes with arrows before the enemy could react. The Apache probably called out their famous war cry to terrorize the enemy, and then they would quickly release all of the arrows as fast as they could, to stop as many enemies as they could, before the fight got up close and personal. The Comanche would use their bow & arrows on horseback and were capable of pelting a man with a maximum of 20 arrows in the time it took to reload the guns of that time. Native Americans also used poised arrows and flaming arrows.
Bows were the dominate projectile weapon and managed to coexist with the technologically more advanced crossbows. It wasn't until the introduction of the musket did bows eventually died out. Despite their legacy, bows were not perfect; archers required years of experience to be effective, humidity could weaken the tensions within the bow and string, and intense weather could make arrows ineffective.
In the Battle of Towton: the Lancaster archers were untable to counter attack Yorkist archers (despite the Lancasters being on higher ground) because of a blizzard blowing at them, weakening the rang of their bows compared to the Yorkists. The Lancasters also were unable to see through the fog and snow: making it impossible to aim. The Yorkists were able to steal the Lancaster arrows fired at them, since they were confident that they could scavenge these arrows without getting attacked. It is rumored that the Yorkists were laughing at the defenseless Lancaster archers crippled by this wind. The Lancaster were aware that they would be vulnerable to Yorkist archers once the Lancaster archers would be overwhelmed, and so they had no choice but to charge at the Yorkists to engage in close combat: leading to their defeat.
Test in the ShowEdit
The Apache's bow and arrow was tested on a gel torso, which was penetrated by multiple arrows, deemed multiple kill shots. Therefore, the bow and arrow was given the edge over the Gladiator's Sling due to its superior range, accuracy, and lethality. The sim reflected this opinion, with the Bow and Arrow getting a total of 188 kills. The Comanche's bow & arrows was tested against the Mongol's bow & arrow where it landed more hits (not more kills due multiple arrows hitting the same target). The Comanche's bow & arrow was given the edge due to better accuracy and faster rate of fire on horseback.
Bow length: 48 inches
Arrow length: 24 inches
Composition: Wood with feathers arrow metal plasma
- Longbow Archers have a slight skeletal deformity or damage due to the strain that using a bow puts on the bones and muscles of their body.
- The Unlawful Games Act of 1541 was an attempt to enforce mandatory archery training for all English men, as England wanted to maintain its reputation of elite archery. As Flintlock Muskets became widespread, the law gradually became less relevant. The majority of the law was repealed by the Gaming Act 1845 law.