Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits. Anti-spam check. Do not fill this in!==History== In the 800s the Chinese were the first to make gunpowder. The Song Dynasty created the first cannon known as the Fire Lance in the 900s. Chinese cannon technology would be widespread by the 1100s. With the rise of the Arabic Empire, the technology traveled from China westward to the battlefield of Europe. The Arabs had a monopoly on cannon warfare until their wars against Europe allowed the Europeans to steal the technology for themselves. One of the earliest French cannons was the '''Iron Pot''' or '''Pot-de-fer''' (aka Vasi or Vasii); used during the early Hundred Years War. As the names suggest; the cannon was in the shape of a pot or vase. The base of the barrel was large and bottom heavy, with an hourglass neck, ending with a trumpet head. This barrel design was incredibly imprecise since the cannonball's trajectory was almost random. Later cannon designs were shaped with narrow tubes as the cannonball would be forced to contact the inner lining and travel down the strait cavity, thus leaving the cannon parallel to the inner walls of the barrel. This way, if the cannonball were to bounce off within the barrel, it will hit the opposite side instantly and be forced to have a (relatively) strait trajectory. The majority of Pot-de-fers fired arrows, and many historians debate if this weapon was ever effective as a cannon due to its unusual shape. The earliest recorded use of cannons in European naval combat was the Battle of Arnemuiden on 23 September 1338: and even then it was only onboard the English ship Christopher which had three cannons and one hand gun. The French use of cannons were considered to be a major factor in their victory of the Hundred's Year War against the English: most noticeably the Battle of Castillon on 17 July 1453. John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury advanced his English army into the range of the defensive line of French [[Hand Cannon]]s and siege cannons: Talbot, unaware of the effectiveness of these guns, saw his forces get slaughtered by gunfire before making any gains in the battle. The English suffered 4000 casualties while the French suffered only 100 casualties. By the 15th century: cannons became more mobile, flexible, and longer ranged. This was due to the cannons having wider wagon-style wheels, a chassis that allowed the cannon to aim at steeper angles, and longer and more advanced barrels. As cannon technology evolved, the sizes and types of cannons created diversified. The Chinese introduced the concept of a portable [[Hand Cannon]]; which led to the creation of muskets and the modern gun. The first cannonballs were called Gunstone; as they were made from dressed-stone. Gunstone was eventually replaced by Round Shot (Iron Shot or Lead Shot) in the 1600s. Ogival Shot replaced the cannonball during the American Civil War: being more aerodynamic and thus more accurate and longer ranged. Explosive shells existed as early as 1376 AD by the Venetians: but become commonplace during the mid 1800s. By the late 1800s, the Round Shot was completely replaced by the Shell. Muzzle-loading cannons continued to be used until the late 1800s. The breach-loading Armstrong Gun was revolutionary; allowing faster reloading by loading the shell from the rear of the barrel instead of forcing it down the front of the barrel. Modern artillery would continue to use similar breach-loading mechanisms. The most deadliest portable siege weapon created was the Davy Crocket created in the 1950s. It was a mortar with a 10-20 Ton (of TNT) nuclear warhead. The weapon was successfully tested; but considered too dangerous for conventional warfare and the prototype was scrapped. Summary: Please note that all contributions to the Deadliest Warrior Wiki are considered to be released under the CC-BY-SA Cancel Editing help (opens in new window) Retrieved from "https://deadliestwarrior.fandom.com/wiki/Siege_Cannon"