Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits. Anti-spam check. Do not fill this in!==History== Cosa Nostra (translated to 'Our Thing') originated from the Italian island of Sicily. In the 1861 Expedition of the Thousand; the once independent island of Sicily was added to the new Kingdom of Italy. Sicily saw an increase in agricultural production as a result, but also an increase of thieves and saboteurs attacking the farms for profit or to weaken competition. The Italian government did little to combat this crimewave, so Sicilians hired local gangs as bodyguards. The gangs used brutality to scare away these bandits. However the reputation and the size of these gangs grew as a result; allowing the gangs to flourish by extorting Sicilian civilians. The gangs justified this extortion by claiming that they were protecting their clients from violence; when most of the time, this violence would be caused by the Cosa Nostra against those who rejected the extortion. Politicians and police were easily dominated by the Mafia; allowing their activities to continue without government crackdowns. At their peak, the Cosa Nostra controlled about half of Sicily's political and economic power: as the group had partial or total ownership over most of the businesses within their territory (sabotaging any businesses that try to resist). The Cosa Nostra arrived in America in the late 1800s as immigrates from Sicily were moving to America. Many immigrants joined the Italian underground to defend themselves or to get a job. There they faced competition from the [[wikipedia:Irish Mob|Irish Mob]], the oldest organized crime figure in American history, so the Italian Mafia used their violent nature to their advantage to dominate early 1900s America. Recessions in Italy beginning in the 1880s, World War I and the rise of Benito Mussolini made many Italians immigrate to the United States, and Mussolini's crackdown of crime forced many Mafia families to move as well. (By the late 1920s Mussolini was able to slow down this immigration with his repression and personality cult making Italians stay in Italy.) The large number of Italians made them outnumber other immigrant populations (today, Americans of Italian ancestry are the nation's fifth-largest ethnic group.), and with the Sicilian mafia having centuries of experience at home, they were able to control much of the criminal underground. They dominated until government crackdowns in the 1960s and 1970s weakened the Mafia. They still exist today, but their downfall as the dominate gang has created a power vaccum. In this vaccum, street gangs like the Crips and Latin Kings now control much more territory and members. The Cosa Nostra was the dominant Italian organized gang until the 1990s when they were weakened significantly by international crackdowns (one reason was their close links to the [[Medellin Cartel]], who were also targeted by government crackdowns at this time). Cosa Nostra was also weakened by internal conflict known as the Mafia Wars (primarily in the 1960s and 1980s). On 30 January 1992: the Maxi Trial concluded with 360 Mafia officials arrested (most life imprisonment). The Mafia attempted retaliation against the Italian government, but was too weak to recover from such a loss. Since the 1990s, Cosa Nostra is still active but has been overshadowed by the 'Ndrangheta Family: estimated to control 3% of Italy's GTP (80% of this fueled by cocaine). Organized crime is still significant; with one of the most noticeable newcomers being the Russian Solntsevskaya. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russian gangs flourished under the weakened and corrupt Russian Republic: able to assassinate in open public with little retaliation. Summary: Please note that all contributions to the Deadliest Warrior Wiki are considered to be released under the CC-BY-SA Cancel Editing help (opens in new window) Retrieved from "https://deadliestwarrior.fandom.com/wiki/Mafia"