Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits. Anti-spam check. Do not fill this in!==History== Between 1200 and 1150 BC, the majority of Mediterranean kingdoms suddenly disappeared in the Bronze Age Collapse. Out of that Collapse was the rise of the Phoenicians; an empire of [[Pirate|pirates]] that raided the sea between 1500 BC–539 BC (some historians think this empire existed earlier as the Sea Peoples; but this is up to debate). The Empire arose in the region of the Levant; as that region was always strategically important for trade due to being the center of AfroEuroAsia and having the Mediterranean Sea on its coast. As their wealth grew they founded colonies on the sea. Carthage (located in modern day Tunisia, with the capital city located in the north-east tip of the country) was originally a Phoenician colony before expanding into its own empire which lasted between 814 BC–146 BC. Hannibal (248 BC-183 or 182 BC) was one of the sons of Hamilcar Barca, a Carthaginian leader and general. Following Carthage's defeat in the First Punic War at the hands of the Romans, Hamilcar sought to improve Carthage's fortunes by conquering the Iberian Peninsula (modern-day Portugal and Spain). It was there that he famously had his son Hannibal swear to dedicate his life to the destruction of Rome. After his father's death in battle and his brother-in-law Hasdrubal's assassination, Hannibal was appointed as the commander-in-chief of the Carthaginian army. In 218 BC, he led a force of 38,000 infantry, 8,000 cavalry, and 37 war elephants through the Alps, intending to invade Italy from the north. Although almost half of his men and almost all of his elephants perished on the journey, Hannibal won a series of battles against the Romans and occupied much of the peninsula for the next 15 years. Roman dictator Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus avoided direct confrontation in a manner that would be later described as 'Fabian Tactics'. Hannibal's tactical successes could not change the fact that his army was unable to replenish themselves in order to build up enough strength to threaten the city of Rome. Finally, Hannibal was recalled to Carthage to defend against a Roman invasion under Scipio Africanus. Scipio fought Hannibal in the past and so was able to counter his War Elephants effectively. In the Battle of Zama, Scipio's army opened large gaps in their lines to allow the Elephants to easily avoid the soldiers, knowing that Elephants are pacifist animals. The two armies were evenly matched until the Roman cavalry outflanked the Carthaginians. After his defeat at the Battle of Zama effectively ended the Second Punic War, Hannibal lost much of his popularity. Nevertheless, he was able to secure election to the office of ''suffete'', or chief magistrate and helped Carthage to renewed prosperity. The Romans, alarmed that their defeated foes were recovering so quickly, ordered Hannibal to surrender to them. Instead, Hannibal went into voluntary exile and the Romans pursued him for over a decade. Finally cornered in Asia Minor, Hannibal poisoned himself using toxins said to be hidden in a ring. He would rather die than surrender to Rome and her armies. Hannibal would later go on to be one of the most celebrated generals in history, having never lost a battle until Zama. Carthage became absorbed into the Roman Empire in 146 BC. The city of Tunis effectively replaced Carthage after the latter was raised. In 435 AD the collapse of the Roman Empire allowed the Vandal Kingdoms to rise. Justinian I temporarily conquered Carthage between 585 AD – 698 AD under the Byzantine Empire. This Byzantine Empire fell into civil war during the early Medieval Ages and lost it's African territories to the Umayyad Caliphate; which burned the city of Carthage and converted the region to Islam. Between 1500s-1800s the region of North West Africa became known as the Barbary Coast and was infamously infested with rampant piracy. The Ottoman Empire would expand into North Africa regardless, having control of Tunisia between 1574–1881. In 1881 the French Empire would colonize Tunisia during the Scramble For Africa. Although Tunisia gained independence in 1956, it still has influence from its more powerful Arabic and North African neighbors. In the 2010s as a consequence of The Arab Spring, Tunisia saw a transition towards democracy unique within the Arab world. Tunisia also maintained the prosperous trade links that made Ancient Carthage so wealthy, making it one of the most developed nations in Africa despite its small size. Summary: Please note that all contributions to the Deadliest Warrior Wiki are considered to be released under the CC-BY-SA Cancel Editing help (opens in new window) Retrieved from "https://deadliestwarrior.fandom.com/wiki/Hannibal_Barca"